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Man boobs (Gynecomastia): Everything you want to know

Updated: Jul 23, 2023

Introduction: Gynecomastia or "man-boobs" is a medical condition that affects males, causing the development of enlarged breast tissue. It can be a source of embarrassment and self-consciousness for many men. In this blog post, we will address some of the frequently asked questions about gynecomastia to help individuals better understand the condition and its management.

Q1: What is gynecomastia?

A1: Gynecomastia is a condition characterized by the enlargement of breast tissue in males. It can affect one or both breasts, causing swelling, tenderness, and sometimes pain. It occurs due to an imbalance in the levels of estrogen (female hormone) and testosterone (male hormone) in the body.

Q2: What causes gynecomastia?

A2: There are several potential causes of gynecomastia, including hormonal imbalances during puberty, certain medications (such as anabolic steroids, anti-androgens, and some antidepressants), underlying medical conditions (like liver or kidney disease), and lifestyle factors (such as obesity and excessive alcohol consumption).

Q3: Who can develop gynecomastia?

A3: Gynecomastia can affect males of all ages, from infants to the elderly. It is most commonly seen during puberty when hormone levels fluctuate. It can also occur in older men due to hormonal changes associated with aging.

Q4: Is gynecomastia a serious medical condition?

A4: In most cases, gynecomastia is not a serious medical condition. However, it can cause emotional distress and self-esteem issues. It is essential to consult a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and rule out any potentially serious underlying conditions.

Q5: Can gynecomastia go away on its own?

A5: In many cases, gynecomastia may resolve on its own without any specific treatment, especially during puberty. However, if the condition persists for more than two years or causes significant discomfort, medical intervention may be necessary.

Q6: How is gynecomastia diagnosed?

A6: To diagnose gynecomastia, a healthcare professional will typically perform a physical examination, review the medical history, and inquire about any medications being taken. Additional tests, such as blood tests, mammograms, or ultrasounds, may be recommended to identify the underlying cause.

Q7: What are the treatment options for gynecomastia?

A7: The treatment for gynecomastia depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. In cases where an underlying medical condition or medication is causing gynecomastia, addressing that condition or discontinuing the medication may help. In some cases, surgical intervention, such as liposuction or mastectomy, may be recommended to remove the excess breast tissue.

Q8: Can lifestyle changes help manage gynecomastia?

A8: Making certain lifestyle changes can help manage gynecomastia symptoms. Regular exercise and a healthy diet can aid in weight loss, which may reduce the appearance of gynecomastia caused by obesity. Avoiding the use of substances like anabolic steroids and excessive alcohol consumption can also be beneficial.

Q9: Are there any complications associated with gynecomastia?

A9: In most cases, gynecomastia does not lead to complications. However, the underlying cause of gynecomastia may require treatment to prevent complications related to that condition. Psychological distress and body image issues can also arise, emphasizing the importance of addressing the emotional impact of gynecomastia.


Q10: What are the precautions to be taken after gynecomastia surgery?

A10: After gynecomastia surgery, you need to defer from any strenuous physical activity for a few weeks. You will be provided with a compression jacket, that needs to be worn all the time for a period of 3 months.


Q11: What is the cost of gynecomastia surgery?

A11: The cost of gynecomastia surgery would depend on the grade of gynecomastia. Please contact your healthcare professional for the same.

Q12: Can gynecomastia recur after treatment?

A12: In some cases, gynecomastia may recur after treatment, especially if the underlying cause is not adequately addressed. It is essential to follow the healthcare professional's guidance, make necessary lifestyle changes, and attend regular check-ups to monitor the condition and address any potential recurrence.


Conclusion: Gynecomastia is a common condition that affects males of all ages. While it can cause emotional distress, proper diagnosis and management can help individuals overcome these challenges. By understanding the causes, available treatment options, and lifestyle modifications, individuals with gynecomastia can take proactive steps towards living a healthier and more confident life. Remember, consulting with a healthcare professional is crucial for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment recommendations.


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